Scarlet Pimpernel (Common name)

General poisoning notes:

Scarlet pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis) is a naturalized plant found across parts of southern Canada. The plant contains several toxins that have poisoned livestock, and an irritant in the plant hairs can cause allergies in humans. The occurrence of poisoning appears to depend on unknown conditions, which may account for the conflicting literature reports. However, the plant has been implicated in enough cases of poisoning to be treated as a potentially toxic plant (Cooper and Johnson 1984, Fuller and McClintock 1986).

References:

  • Cooper, M. R., Johnson, A. W. 1984. Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, England. 305 pp.
  • Fuller, T. C., McClintock, E. 1986. Poisonous plants of California. Univ. California Press, Berkeley, Calif., USA. 432 pp.
  • Perkins, K. D., Payne, W. W. 1978. Guide to the poisonous and irritant plants of Florida. Univ. Fla. Agric. Ext. Serv. Circ., 441. 84 pp.
  • Reynard, G. B., Norton, J. B. 1942. Poisonous plants of Maryland in relation to livestock. Univ. MD. Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull., A10. 312 pp.

Nomenclature:

Scientific Name:
Anagallis arvensis L.
Vernacular name(s):
scarlet pimpernel
Scientific family name:
Primulaceae
Vernacular family name:
primrose

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Anagallis arvensis

References:

  • Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada., Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp
  • Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/ Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada. 132 pp.
  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.
  • Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.
  • Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

Plant or plant parts used in or around the home.

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Labrador
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Quebec

References:

  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

Images: scarlet pimpernel - Google Search

Toxic parts:

  • all parts

References:

  • Cooper, M. R., Johnson, A. W. 1984. Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, England. 305 pp.

Notes on Toxic plant chemicals:

Scarlet pimpernel contains a triterpenoid saponin in the above- ground plant parts, a glycoside (cyclamine) in the roots, and an acrid volatile oil. The plant hairs contain primin, which can cause human dermatitis (Perkins and Payne 1987, Cooper and Johnson 1984).

Toxic plant chemicals:

  • cyclamin

References:

  • Cooper, M. R., Johnson, A. W. 1984. Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, England. 305 pp.
  • Perkins, K. D., Payne, W. W. 1978. Guide to the poisonous and irritant plants of Florida. Univ. Fla. Agric. Ext. Serv. Circ., 441. 84 pp.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

No details about poisoning symptoms available.

Cattle

General symptoms of poisoning:

References:

  • Fuller, T. C., McClintock, E. 1986. Poisonous plants of California. Univ. California Press, Berkeley, Calif., USA. 432 pp.
  • Reynard, G. B., Norton, J. B. 1942. Poisonous plants of Maryland in relation to livestock. Univ. MD. Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull., A10. 312 pp.

Horses

No details about poisoning symptoms available.

Humans

General symptoms of poisoning:

References:

  • Fuller, T. C., McClintock, E. 1986. Poisonous plants of California. Univ. California Press, Berkeley, Calif., USA. 432 pp.
  • Perkins, K. D., Payne, W. W. 1978. Guide to the poisonous and irritant plants of Florida. Univ. Fla. Agric. Ext. Serv. Circ., 441. 84 pp.

Sheep

No details about poisoning symptoms available.

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