Low Larkspur (Common name)

General poisoning notes:

Low larkspur (Delphinium bicolor) is a native herb found in southern parts of western Canada. This plant has poisoned cattle, symptoms are similar to those caused by tall larkspur (Delphinium glaucum.)

References:

  • Olsen, J. D., Manners, G. D. 1989. Toxicology of diterpenoid alkaloids in rangeland larkspur (Delphinium spp.). Pages 291-326 in Cheeke, P. R., ed. Toxicants of plant origin. Vol. I. Alkaloids. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Fla., USA. 335 pp.

Nomenclature:

Scientific Name:
Delphinium bicolor Nutt.
Vernacular name(s):
low larkspur
Scientific family name:
Ranunculaceae
Vernacular family name:
crowfoot

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Delphinium bicolor

References:

  • Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada. Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp.
  • Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada. 132 pp.
  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.
  • Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.
  • Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Saskatchewan

References:

  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

Images: low larkspur - Google Search

Notes on Poisonous plant parts:

See additional information under general notes of Delphinium glaucum.

Toxic parts:

  • leaves
  • seeds

References:

  • Olsen, J. D., Manners, G. D. 1989. Toxicology of diterpenoid alkaloids in rangeland larkspur (Delphinium spp.). Pages 291-326 in Cheeke, P. R., ed. Toxicants of plant origin. Vol. I. Alkaloids. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Fla., USA. 335 pp.

Notes on Toxic plant chemicals:

See additional information under general notes of Delphinium glaucum.

Toxic plant chemicals:

  • methyllycaconitine

References:

Olsen, J. D., Manners, G. D. 1989. Toxicology of diterpenoid alkaloids in rangeland larkspur (Delphinium spp.). Pages 291-326 in Cheeke, P. R., ed. Toxicants of plant origin. Vol. I. Alkaloids. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Fla., USA. 335 pp.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Cattle

General symptoms of poisoning:

References:

  • Olsen, J. D., Manners, G. D. 1989. Toxicology of diterpenoid alkaloids in rangeland larkspur (Delphinium spp.). Pages 291-326 in Cheeke, P. R., ed. Toxicants of plant origin. Vol. I. Alkaloids. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Fla., USA. 335 pp.

Horses

Sheep

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