Wild Mustard (Common name)

General poisoning notes:

Wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis) is a naturalized herb found in fields and waste places across Canada. Cattle have been poisoned after ingesting hay containing large quantities of wild mustard seed. This plant contains glucosinolates. See the general notes under Brassica oleracea, which further explain the poisoning potential of plants that contain these chemicals.

References:

  • Gwatkin, R., Moynihan, I. W. 1943. Wild mustard seed poisoning in cattle. Can. J. Comp. Med., 7: 76-77.

Nomenclature:

Scientific Name:
Sinapis arvensis L.
Vernacular name(s):
wild mustard
Scientific family name:
Cruciferae
Vernacular family name:
mustard

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Sinapis arvensis

References:

  • Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada. Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp.
  • Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada. 132 pp.
  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.
  • Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.
  • Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Labrador
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Quebec
  • Saskatchewan
  • Yukon Territory

References:

  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

Images: wild mustard - Google Search

Toxic parts:

  • leaves
  • seeds

References:

  • Gwatkin, R., Moynihan, I. W. 1943. Wild mustard seed poisoning in cattle. Can. J. Comp. Med., 7: 76-77.
  • Mulligan, G. A., Bailey, L. G. 1975. The biology of Canadian weeds. 8. Sinapis arvensis L. Can. J. Plant Sci., 55: 171-183.

Toxic plant chemicals:

  • glucosinolates

References:

  • Gwatkin, R., Moynihan, I. W. 1943. Wild mustard seed poisoning in cattle. Can. J. Comp. Med., 7: 76-77.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Cattle

General symptoms of poisoning:

Notes on poisoning:

Cattle have been poisoned in Canada after ingesting hay containing large quantities of wild mustard seed. The cattle first produced excessive saliva, after which they staggered, collapsed, and died (Gwatkin and Moynihan 1943).

References:

  • Gwatkin, R., Moynihan, I. W. 1943. Wild mustard seed poisoning in cattle. Can. J. Comp. Med., 7: 76-77.

Swine

No details about poisoning symptoms available.

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