Ailanthus altissima (Scientific name)

General poisoning notes:

Tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima) is an ornamental found in the warmest parts of Canada. Exposure to the leaves may have caused dermatitis in humans and it is suspected of being a poisonous plant as well. However, convincing documentation of poisoning is lacking. The tree has been suspected of causing gastroenteritis. (Muenscher 1975, Mitchell and Rook 1979).

References:

  • Mitchell, J. C., Rook, A. 1979. Botanical dermatology. Greenglass Ltd, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. 787 pp.
  • Muenscher, W. C. 1975. Poisonous plants of the United States. Revised. Collier Books, New York, N.Y., USA. 277 pp.
  • Perkins, K. D., Payne, W. W. 1978. Guide to the poisonous and irritant plants of Florida. Univ. Fla. Agric. Ext. Serv. Circ., 441. 84 pp.

Nomenclature:

Scientific Name:
Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle
Vernacular name(s):
tree-of-heaven
Scientific family name:
Simaroubaceae
Vernacular family name:
quassia

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Ailanthus altissima

References:

  • Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada., Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp.
  • Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada. 132 pp.
  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.
  • Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.
  • Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

Plant or plant parts used in or around the home.

References:

  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

Images: Ailanthus altissima - Google Search

Toxic parts:

  • Flowers
  • Leaves

References:

  • Muenscher, W. C. 1975. Poisonous plants of the United States. Revised. Collier Books, New York, N.Y., USA. 277 pp.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Humans

General symptoms of poisoning:

References:

  • Mitchell, J. C., Rook, A. 1979. Botanical dermatology. Greenglass Ltd, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. 787 pp.

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