Allium sativum (Scientific name)

General poisoning notes:

Human allergy to garlic dust has been documented by Lybarger et al. 1982. Ingesting garlic leaves can also cause allergic reactions.

References:

  • Lybarger, J. A., Gallagher, J. S., Pulver, D. W., Litwin, A., Brooks, S., Bernstein, I. L. 1982. Occupational asthma induced by inhalation and ingestion of garlic. J. All. Clin. Immunol., 69: 448-454.

Nomenclature:

Scientific Name:
Allium sativum L.
Vernacular name(s):
garlic
Scientific family name:
Liliaceae
Vernacular family name:
lily

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Allium sativum

References:

  • Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada. , Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp.
  • Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, , Canada. 132 pp.
  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.
  • Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.
  • Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

Plant or plant parts used in or around the home.

References:

  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

Images: Allium sativum - Google Search

Toxic parts:

  • bulb - dust of
  • bulbs

References:

  • Lybarger, J. A., Gallagher, J. S., Pulver, D. W., Litwin, A., Brooks, S., Bernstein, I. L. 1982. Occupational asthma induced by inhalation and ingestion of garlic. J. All. Clin. Immunol., 69: 448-454.

Toxic plant chemicals:

S-methyl-L-cysteine sulfoxide (SMCO)

References:

  • Benevenga, N. J., Case, G. L., Steele, R. D. 1989. Occurrence and metabolism of s-methyl-l-cysteine and s-methyl-l-cysteine sulfoxide in plants and their toxicity and metabolism in animals. Pages 203-228 in Cheeke, P. R., ed. Toxicants of plant origin. Vol. III. Proteins and amino acids. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Fla., USA. 271 pp.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Humans

General symptoms of poisoning:

References:

  • Lybarger, J. A., Gallagher, J. S., Pulver, D. W., Litwin, A., Brooks, S., Bernstein, I. L. 1982. Occupational asthma induced by inhalation and ingestion of garlic. J. All. Clin. Immunol., 69: 448-454.

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