Baptisia leucantha (Scientific name)

General poisoning notes:

Wild false indigo (Baptisia leucantha) is a native perennial herb found in southern Ontario. The plant contains toxic alkaloids that have caused poisoning in cattle (Hansen 1930). This plant is potentially poisonous to humans, but no cases of human poisoning have been reported (Cheeke and Schull 1985).

References:

  • Hansen, A. A. 1930. Indiana plants injurious to livestock. Purdue Univ. Agric. Ext. Stn. Circ., 175. 38 pp.
  • Lampe, K. F., McCann, M. A. 1985. AMA Handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. American Medical Assoc. Chicago, Ill., USA. 432 pp.

Nomenclature:

Scientific Name:
Baptisia leucantha T. & G.
Vernacular name(s):
wild false indigo
Scientific family name:
Leguminosae
Vernacular family name:
pea

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Baptisia leucantha

References:

  • Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada. , Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp.
  • Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada. 132 pp.
  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.
  • Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.
  • Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

  • Ontario

References:

  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

Images: Baptisia leucantha - Google Search

Toxic parts:

  • flowers
  • leaves
  • stems

References:

  • Hansen, A. A. 1930. Indiana plants injurious to livestock. Purdue Univ. Agric. Ext. Stn. Circ., 175. 38 pp.

Toxic plant chemicals:

  • cytisine

References:

  • Hansen, A. A. 1930. Indiana plants injurious to livestock. Purdue Univ. Agric. Ext. Stn. Circ., 175. 38 pp.
  • Lampe, K. F., McCann, M. A. 1985. AMA Handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. American Medical Assoc. Chicago, Ill., USA. 432 pp.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Cattle

General symptoms of poisoning:

References:

  • Hansen, A. A. 1930. Indiana plants injurious to livestock. Purdue Univ. Agric. Ext. Stn. Circ., 175. 38 pp.

Humans

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