Cyclamen persicum (Scientific name)

General poisoning notes:

Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum) is a houseplant that has a toxic saponin, cyclamin, in the tuberous rhizomes. The rhizome is bitter and found underground, so that children or family pets are unlikely to be exposed to the toxins. There is no information on the amounts of saponins, if any, in cyclamen foliage (Spoerke et al. 1987).

References:

  • Spoerke, D. G., Spoerke, S. E., Hall, A., Rumack, B. H. 1987. Toxicity of Cyclamen persium (Mill). Vet. Hum. Toxicol., 29: 250-251.

Nomenclature:

Scientific Name:
Cyclamen persicum Mill.
Vernacular name(s):
cyclamen
Scientific family name:
Primulaceae
Vernacular family name:
primrose

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Cyclamen persicum

References:

  • Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada. , Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp.
  • Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada. 132 pp.
  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.
  • Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.
  • Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

Plant or plant parts used in or around the home.

References:

  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

Images: Cyclamen persicum - Google Search

Notes on Poisonous plant parts:

The tuberous rhizomes contain the chemical cyclamin. However, these rhizomes are in the soil and have an acrid taste, so that ingestion by children is not likely (Spoerke et al. 1987). Cyclamin is a triterpenoid saponin, which is an irritant that can cause nausea and even paralysis upon absorbtion. The chemical is not volatile, but it is water soluble and can occur as small white crystals or an amorphous, lusterless mass (Spoerke et al. 1987).

Toxic parts:

  • rhizome
  • tubers

References:

  • Frohne, D., Pfander, H. J. 1983. A colour atlas of poisonous plants. Wolfe Publishing Ltd., London, England. 291 pp.

Notes on Toxic plant chemicals:

The tuberous rhizomes contain the chemical cyclamin. However, these rhizomes are in the soil and have an acrid taste, so that ingestion by children is not likely (Spoerke et al. 1987). Cyclamin is a triterpenoid saponin, which is an irritant that can cause nausea and even paralysis upon absorbtion. The chemical is not volatile, but it is water soluble and can occur as small white crystals or an amorphous, lusterless mass (Spoerke et al. 1987).

Toxic plant chemicals:

  • cyclamin
  • unknown chemical

References:

  • Frohne, D., Pfander, H. J. 1983. A colour atlas of poisonous plants. Wolfe Publishing Ltd., London, England. 291 pp.
  • Santucci, B., Picardo, M., Cristaudo, A. 1985. Contact dermatitis from Euphorbia pulcherrima. Contact Dermatitis, 12: 285-286.
  • Spoerke, D. G., Spoerke, S. E., Hall, A., Rumack, B. H. 1987. Toxicity of Cyclamen persium (Mill). Vet. Hum. Toxicol., 29: 250-251.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Humans

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