Mangifera indica (Scientific name)

General poisoning notes:

Mango (Mangifera indica) is a tropical fruit that is seasonally available in Canadian food stores. The skin of the fruit and the petiole, by which the fruit is attached to the stem, contain oleoresins. These chemicals are cross-reactive to the catechols contained in poison-ivy plants and in other members of Rhus species that cause dermatitis. Humans who are sensitized and develop dermatitis from these plants should be cautious about touching the skin of mangoes. The shells of cashews (Anacardium occidentale) are also cross-reactive with catechols of Rhus species. However, cashews shells are removed before the nuts are sold in Canada (Kingsbury 1964, Geller 1989).

References:

  • Geller, M. 1989. Poison ivy, mangoes, cashews, and dermatitis. Ann. Intern. Med., 110: 1036-1037.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA. 626 pp.

Nomenclature:

Scientific Name:
Mangifera indica L.
Vernacular name(s):
mango
Scientific family name:
Anacardiaceae
Vernacular family name:
cashew

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Mangifera indica

References:

  • Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada. , Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp.
  • Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada. 132 pp.
  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.
  • Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.
  • Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

Plant or plant parts used in or around the home.

References:

  • Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.
  • Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

Images: Mangifera indica - Mangifera indica

Notes on Poisonous plant parts:

The skin of the fruit and the petiole, by which the fruit is attached to the stem, contain oleoresins (Geller 1989).

Toxic parts:

  • skin of fruit

References:

  • Geller, M. 1989. Poison ivy, mangoes, cashews, and dermatitis. Ann. Intern. Med., 110: 1036-1037.

Notes on Toxic plant chemicals:

The oleoresins of the fruit peel (skin) of mango are cross-reactive with the catechols of poison-ivy, Rhus spp. (Geller 1989).

Toxic plant chemicals:

  • oleoresin

References:

  • Geller, M. 1989. Poison ivy, mangoes, cashews, and dermatitis. Ann. Intern. Med., 110: 1036-1037.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Humans

General symptoms of poisoning:

References:

  • Geller, M. 1989. Poison ivy, mangoes, cashews, and dermatitis. Ann. Intern. Med., 110: 1036-1037.

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