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Maple Leaves

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Notes on poisoning: Iceland poppy


General poisoning notes:

Iceland poppy (Papaver nudicaule) is an ornamental outdoor plant that occasionally escapes from cultivation. The plant contains alkaloids that may cause problems in animals that ingest it. Horses, cattle, and sheep were poisoned when discarded plants were given to livestock (Cooper and Johnson 1984).

References:

Cooper, M. R., Johnson, A. W. 1984. Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, England. 305 pp.

Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA. 626 pp.

Nomenclature:

Scientific Name: Papaver nudicaule L.

Vernacular name(s): Iceland poppy

Scientific family name: Papaveraceae

Vernacular family name: poppy

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Papaver nudicaule

References:

Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada. , Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp.

Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada. 132 pp.

Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.

Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.

Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.

Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

Plant or plant parts used in or around the home.

References:

Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.

Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

Iceland poppy:

Images: images.google.com

Toxic parts:

all parts
plant juices

References:

Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA. 626 pp.

Notes on Toxic plant chemicals:

Physiological alkaloids have been found in Iceland poppy (Kingsbury 1964).

Toxic plant chemicals:

unknown chemical

References:

Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA. 626 pp.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Cattle

General symptoms of poisoning:

bloat
incoordination
muscle spasms
muscle twitching
nervousness
recumbency
restlessness

Notes on poisoning:

Symptoms are similar in all species that have been poisoned, including initial restlessness and excitement followed by incoordination, spasms, falling, and bloat in some cases. Milk yield may be reduced (Cooper and Johnson 1984).

References:

Cooper, M. R., Johnson, A. W. 1984. Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, England. 305 pp.

Horses

General symptoms of poisoning:

bloat
incoordination
muscle spasms
muscle twitching
nervousness
recumbency

Notes on poisoning:

Symptoms of poisoning include restlessness, incoordination, stiffness, muscular twitching, falling, and bloat. This poppy has rarely proved fatal (Cooper and Johnson 1984).

References:

Cooper, M. R., Johnson, A. W. 1984. Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, England. 305 pp.

Sheep

General symptoms of poisoning:

bloat
incoordination
muscle spasms
nervousness
recumbency

Notes on poisoning:

Symptoms include restlessness, incoordination, muscular twitching, and falling down. Milk yield can remain depressed for long periods (Cooper and Johnson 1984).

References:

Cooper, M. R., Johnson, A. W. 1984. Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, England. 305 pp.

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Date modified: 2009-09-01