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Maple Leaves

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Maple Leaves

Notes on poisoning: Lonicera xylosteum


Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Humans

General symptoms of poisoning:

abdominal pains
diarrhea
vomiting

Notes on poisoning:

Symptoms of ingestion include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting. More severe symptoms have been listed in early European literature, but severe toxicity has not been conclusively documented (Frohne and Pfander 1983).

References:

Frohne, D., Pfander, H. J. 1983. A colour atlas of poisonous plants. Wolfe Publishing Ltd., London, England. 291 pp.

Rabbits

General symptoms of poisoning:

diarrhea

Notes on poisoning:

Experimental feeding of berries (dry weight at 25 g/kg of body weight) to rabbits caused diarrhea and lack of movement within 24 h Frohne and Pfander 1983).

References:

Frohne, D., Pfander, H. J. 1983. A colour atlas of poisonous plants. Wolfe Publishing Ltd., London, England. 291 pp.

Rodents

General symptoms of poisoning:

death
drowsiness

Notes on poisoning:

Mice experimentally injected with berry extract (dry weight at 20-40 g/kg of body weight) experienced brief excitation, followed by drowsiness, abdominal spasms, and equilibrium and respiratory problems. Death sometimes followed in 10 min to several hours. A connection was made between saponin content and toxicity (Frohne and Pfander 1983).

References:

Frohne, D., Pfander, H. J. 1983. A colour atlas of poisonous plants. Wolfe Publishing Ltd., London, England. 291 pp.

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Date modified: 2009-09-01