Record Details

Scientific Name:
Echinozoa

Taxonomy and Nomenclature

Kingdom:
Animalia
Rank:
Phylum
Synonym(s):
Common Name(s):

Taxonomic Status

Current Standing:
valid

Data Quality Indicators

Record Credibility Rating:
TWG standards met
Global Species Completeness:
partial
Currency Rating:
2013

Taxonomic Hierarchy

- up to the kingdom

Kingdom
Subkingdom
Infrakingdom
Phylum

- down one level

Class
Class

References

Expert(s):
Other Sources:
database: NODC Taxonomic Code;
document: ITIS & Species 2000 Catalogue of Life Management Hierarchy; M. Ruggiero & D. Gordon, eds. 2013. Consensus Management Hierarchy for the ITIS & Species2000 Catalogue of Life. Contributors: Nicolas Bailly, Thierry Bourgoin, Richard Brusca, Thomas Cavalier-Smith, Daphne Fautin, Dennis Gordon, Gerald Guala, Michael Guiry, Paul Kirk, Elliot Lefkowitz, David Mabberly, David Maddison, Alan Paton, Michael Ruggiero, Peter Stevens, and Brian Tyndall
References:
Smith, Andrew B. 1984-08-17. Palaeontology, vol 27, pt. 3. . . 431-459. . .
Fell, F. Julian / Parker, Sybil P., ed. 1982-01-01. Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms, vol. 2. McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York, New York, USA. 785-813. 0-07-079031-0. .
Hendler, Gordon, John E. Miller, David L. Pawson, and Porter M. Kier 1995-01-01. Sea Stars, Sea Urchins, and Allies: Echinoderms of Florida and the Caribbean. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xi + 390. 1-56098-450-3. .

Geographic Information

Geographic Information:
Jurisdiction:

Comments

Comments:
Orrell, T.M.: The classification of Echinodermata in Smith (1984) does not recognize Subphylum Echinozoa, though it is used in Fell in Parker (1982), containing Echinoidea and Holothuroidea

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