Alfred L. Gardner. Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA
Colin P. Groves. Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, The Australian National University, GPO Box 4, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner 1987-01-01. Resource Publication, no. 166. United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, D.C., USA. 79. . .
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992-01-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xviii + 1207. 1-56098-217-9. Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing.
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005-10-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland, USA. xxxv + 743. 0-8018-8221-4. .
Groves, Colin P. 2001-01-01. Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. viii+350. 1-56098-872-X. .
Wilson & Reeder, eds. (2005): Comments: Included with Pan and the fossil taxon Australopithecus in subtribe Hominina by McKenna and Bell (1997). Includes Pan as a subgenus according to Goodman et al. (1998); according to M. Goodman et al. (2001), all fossil representatives of the human lineage (including Australopithecus) would be synonyms of Homo