Détails de l’enregistrement

Nom scientifique:
Physeter macrocephalus

Taxonomie et nomenclature

Règne:
Animalia
Rang:
Genus
synonyme(s):
Physeter catodon
Physeter australasianus
Physeter australis
Nom(s) commun(s):
Sperm Whale [English]

Statut taxonomique

Courant:
valid

Indicateurs de qualité des données

Évaluation de la crédibilité de l’enregistrement:
TWG standards met
Traitement des espèces au niveau mondial:

Taux (fréquence) d’usage:

Hiérarchie taxonomique

- à partir du règne

Kingdom
Subkingdom
Infrakingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Infraphylum
Superclass
Class
Subclass
Infraclass
Order
Suborder
Family
Genus

- un niveau plus bas

Références

Expert(s):
Dr. James G. Mead. Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560
Alfred L. Gardner. Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA
Autres sources:
database: NODC Taxonomic Code;
database: <a href="http://www.menv.gouv.qc.ca/biodiversite/centre.htm">CDP;
Références:
Holthuis, L. B. 1987-01-01. Marine Mammal Science, vol. 3, no. 1. . . 87-88. . .
Schevill, William E. 1987-01-01. Marine Mammal Science, vol. 3, no. 1. . . 89-90. . .
Schevill, William E. 1986-04-01. Marine Mammal Science, vol. 2, no. 2. . . 153-157. . .
Husson, A. M., and L. B. Holthuis 1974-10-24. Zoologische Mededelingen, vol. 48, no. 19. . . 205-217 + 3. . .
Selys-Longchamps, E. de 1839-01-01. Études de Micromammalogie: revue des musaraignes, des rats et des campagnols, suivie d'un index méthodique des mammifères d'Europe. . Paris, France. 137-157. . .
Hershkovitz, Philip 1966-01-01. United States National Museum Bulletin 246. . . viii + 259. . .
Rice, Dale W. 1998-01-01. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4. The Society for Marine Mammalogy. Lawrence, Kansas, USA. ix + 231. 1-891276-03-4. .
Mead, James G., and Robert L. Brownell, Jr. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005-10-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland, USA. 723-743. 0-8018-8221-4. .
Linnaeus, C. von 1758-01-01. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, ed. 10, vol. 1. . Holmiae, Sweden. 823. . .
Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds. 1999-01-01. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xxv + 750. 1-56098-845-2. .
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992-01-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xviii + 1207. 1-56098-217-9. Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing.

Information géographique

Information géographique:
Antarctica/Southern Ocean
East Pacific
Eastern Atlantic Ocean
Indo-West Pacific
Western Atlantic Ocean
Champ d’application:

Commentaires

Commentaires:
Mead & Brownell, Jr., in Wilson & Reeder, eds. (2005): Comments: See comments under species
David Nicolson - ITIS Data Development Coordinator: Note that "line priority" (cited by some sources as justification for using Physeter catodon over P. macrocephalus) is not supported by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. If these names are both properly applicable to the sperm whale then the Principle of First Reviser applies, in which case P. macrocephalus is the valid name (de Selys-Longchamps (1839) used macrocephalus with catodon in synonymy)
David Nicolson - ITIS Data Development Coordinator: In recent confusion on the use of Physeter macrocephalus or P. catodon (both available from Linnaeus (1758)) for the sperm whale, the arguments ultimately hinge on whether or not both are applicable to this species. Based on careful consideration of the cited works & ICZN, the typification acts (Husson & Holthuis 1974, and Art. 72.4.1.1) are valid, so the names are conspecific, the Principle of the First Reviser (Art. 24.2, and Holthuis 1987) applies, and P. macrocephalus is the correct name

Recherche sur Internet

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