Détails de l’enregistrement

Nom scientifique:
Bison bison

Taxonomie et nomenclature

Règne:
Animalia
Rang:
Genus
synonyme(s):
Bison bison bison
Bos bison
Bison americanus
Bison sylvestris
Bison americanus pennsylvanicus
Bison bison septemtrionalis
Bison bison athabasacae
Bison americanus
Bison bison athabascae
Nom(s) commun(s):
Bisonte americano [Spanish]
American bison [English]
bison [English]
American Bison [English]

Statut taxonomique

Courant:
valid

Indicateurs de qualité des données

Évaluation de la crédibilité de l’enregistrement:
TWG standards met
Traitement des espèces au niveau mondial:

Taux (fréquence) d’usage:

Hiérarchie taxonomique

- à partir du règne

Kingdom
Subkingdom
Infrakingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Infraphylum
Superclass
Class
Subclass
Infraclass
Order
Family
Subfamily
Genus

- un niveau plus bas

Références

Expert(s):
Alfred L. Gardner. Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA
Autres sources:
database: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad; CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)
database: NODC Taxonomic Code;
website: Mammal Species of the World; http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
Références:
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner 1987-01-01. Resource Publication, no. 166. United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, D.C., USA. 79. . .
Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds. 1999-01-01. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xxv + 750. 1-56098-845-2. .
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005-10-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland, USA. 2142. 0-8018-8221-4. .
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992-01-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xviii + 1207. 1-56098-217-9. Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing.
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes 2003-12-31. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. . . . . As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998.
Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole 2000-01-01. Common Names of Mammals of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xiv + 204. 1-56098-383-3. With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer.
Corbet, G. B. 1978-01-01. The Mammals of the Palaearctic Region: a taxonomic review. Cornell University Press. London, England. 1-314. 0-8014-1171-8. .

Information géographique

Information géographique:
Middle America
North America
Champ d’application:
Continental US, Native & Introduced
Canada, Native
Mexico, Native
Alaska, Introduced

Commentaires

Commentaires:
David Nicolson - ITIS Data Development Coordinator: According to Wilson & Ruff, eds. (1999), "Although most authorities still favor Bison, several recent reviews have advocated placing American bison in the genus Bos." Still, they retain Bison as a valid genus
Wilson & Reeder, eds. (2005): Status: CITES - Appendix II as B. b. athabascae; U.S. ESA - Endangered in Canada as B. b. athabascae; IUCN - Lower Risk (cd)
Wilson & Reeder, eds. (2005): Comments: Reviewed by Meagher (1986, Mammalian Species, 266). Bison bison athabascae treated as a distinct taxon by Geist and Karsten (1977) and Van Zyll de Jong (1986), and assigned to B. priscus by Flerov (1979), but regarded as an ecotype by Geist (1991)

Recherche sur Internet

Images:
Bases de données spécialisées sur Internet:

Bonnes sources d’information