Alfred L. Gardner. Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA
Peter Grubb. 35 Downhills Park Road, London N17 6PE, England
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005-10-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland, USA. 2142. 0-8018-8221-4. .
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992-01-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xviii + 1207. 1-56098-217-9. Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing.
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes 2003-12-31. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. . . . . As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998.
Wilson & Reeder, eds. (2005): Comments: Caprini includes Ammotragus, Capra, Hemitragus, Ovis, Oreamnos, Pseudois, and Rupicapra; Naemorhedini includes Capricornis and Naemorhedus; Ovibovini includes Budorcas and Ovibos; Pantholopini includes Pantholops. Placing of Pantholops in the Caprinae is supported by morphological and molecular studies (Gatesy et al., 1997; Gentry, 1992; Hassanin et al., 1998; Vrba and Schaller, 2000). It may be the sister taxon of all other Caprinae. Relationships in the rest of the Caprinae are problemati...