Charles A. Woods. Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-2035
Woods, Charles A., and C. William Kilpatrick / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005-10-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland, USA. 1538-1600. 0-8018-8221-4. .
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992-01-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xviii + 1207. 1-56098-217-9. Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing.
McKenna, Malcolm C., and Susan K. Bell 1997-01-01. Classification of mammals above the species level. Columbia University Press. New York, New York, USA. 631. 0-231-11012-X. .
Wilson & Reeder, eds. (2005): Comments: Reviewed by Mohr (1965) and by Van Weers (1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1983). Usually divided into two subfamilies (Atherurinae, Hystricinae) see McKenna and Bell (1997), but Van Weers (1977, 1978, 1979) does not agree. This family appears to be the most divergent of the suborder (Huchon and Douzery, 2001)