W. Christopher Wozencraft. Division of Natural Sciences, Bethel College, 1001 W. McKinley Ave., Mishawaka, IN 46545
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005-10-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland, USA. 2142. 0-8018-8221-4. .
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992-01-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xviii + 1207. 1-56098-217-9. Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing.
Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole 2000-01-01. Common Names of Mammals of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xiv + 204. 1-56098-383-3. With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer.
Monakhov, Vladimir G. 2011-01-01. Mammalian Species, vol. 43, no. 1. . . 75-86. . Available online: http://www.bioone.org/toc/mmsp//43.
Wilson & Reeder, eds. (2005): Status: IUCN - Data Deficient as M. z. brachyura, otherwise Lower Risk (lc)
Wilson & Reeder, eds. (2005): Comments: Reviewed by Pavlinin (1966). May be conspecific with americana, martes, and melampus (Anderson, 1970; Hagmeier, 1961). Heptner et al. (1967) included Japanese and Korean melampus in zibellina. Synonyms allocated according to Heptner et al. (1967). Stone and Cook (2002) placed it in the subgenus Martes